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Four Ram

Saint Kabir, a mystic poet known for his revolutionary philosophy and unifying message, left behind a treasure trove of wisdom in the form of Kabir Dohe. His couplets, known as “Dohe,” resonate with timeless wisdom and offer profound insights into life, devotion, and self-realization. Among these, his enigmatic references to the four Rams have intrigued and bewildered readers for centuries. Today, we delve into this fascinating concept, deciphering the layers of meaning and uncovering the profound spiritual truths embedded within.

Exploring Kabir's Four Ram

Understanding the four Rams can significantly impact our lives:

एक राम दशरथ का बेटा, एक राम घट घट में बैठा।
एक राम को सकल परासा, एक राम त्रिभुवन से न्यारा।।

तीन राम को सब कोई धयावे, चतुर्थ राम को मर्म न पाने।
चौथा छाड़ि जो पंचम धयावे, कहे कबीर सो हम को पावे।।

Kabir 4 ram
  1. Ram of Dasharatha’s Lineage:
    • Kabir begins by acknowledging the well-known Ram, the son of King Dasharatha. This Ram, born in Ayodhya, embodies the epic hero revered by millions.
    • His story, as narrated in the Ramayana, is etched in our cultural consciousness. He is the dutiful son, the ideal king, and the embodiment of righteousness. He inspires us to live with integrity and compassion.
  2. Ram Within Every Heart (Ghat Ghat Ram):
    • Kabir introduces us to another Ram—one who resides within every heart, in every nook and cranny of existence.
    • This Ram transcends physical form and represents the universal consciousness. It is the divine spark that connects all beings. Recognizing the Ram within fosters self-awareness and spiritual growth.
  3. Ram Beyond the Three Worlds (Tribhuvan Nyara):
    • The third Ram exists beyond the confines of the three worlds—earth, heaven, and the netherworld.
    • This Ram symbolizes the cosmic reality, the unmanifested Brahma, and the eternal truth that transcends worldly boundaries. Embracing the Ram in all beings cultivates empathy and promotes harmonious living.
  4. The Elusive Fourth Ram:
    • Kabir’s fourth Ram remains elusive, hidden from casual seekers. It is the Ram whose divine essence manifest in all creation, the source and sustainer of the universe.
    • This Ram cannot be grasped through external observances or intellectual pursuits. It is the Ram of direct experience, the innermost truth. Seeking the transcendent Ram leads to inner peace and ultimate freedom.

Kabir’s Gurumantra: Ram-Ram

Kabir 4 ram

Kabir’s spiritual journey led him to embrace the Gurumantra of “Ram-Ram.” Legend has it that during his initiation by Swami Ramanand, Kabir lay in darkness at the Panchganga Ghat. As Swami Ramanand’s foot accidentally touched Kabir, he spontaneously uttered “Ram-Ram.” This sacred utterance became Kabir’s guiding light—a mantra that transcended mere words.

The Quest for the Fourth Ram

Kabir challenges us to seek the fourth Ram—the one that lies beyond the ordinary. Here are the layers of understanding:

  1. Detachment from Worldly Identities:
    • To discover the fourth Ram, we must detach ourselves from worldly identities—religion, caste, and gender.
    • Kabir emphasizes that true spirituality transcends labels and divisions.
  2. Self-Awareness and Ego Dissolution:
    • The journey involves self-awareness, where the illusion of the ego dissolves.
    • As we peel away layers of false identity, we approach the essence of the fourth Ram.
  3. Beyond Fixed Notions:
    • Kabir questions fixed notions of self and other. Are we truly separate individuals, or is this perception an illusion?
    • The fourth Ram represents a state where the self dissolves, and unity prevails.

Kabir's Insights on Remembering Ram

Kabir’s Dohe, riddled with metaphors and symbolism, guide us towards these four Rams. Let’s explore some key verses:

  • Kabir extols the practice of chanting Ram’s name as a means to attain spiritual liberation and inner peace.
  • He emphasizes the significance of a spiritual guide in one’s journey, guiding aspirants towards self-realization and enlightenment.
  • Kabir warns against the deceptive nature of Maya, the illusory world that distracts individuals from the path of righteousness.
  • By constantly remembering Ram, one can transcend the influence of Maya and attain liberation from the cycle of birth and death.
  • Kabir beautifully illustrates the unity of God by equating the names Ram and Rahim, emphasizing the underlying oneness in diversity. This transcends religious boundaries, stating that the divine essence is one, regardless of the names we use.

Kabir’s exploration of the four Rams invites us to look beyond the obvious, beyond rituals, and beyond dogmas. As we seek the elusive fourth Ram, we embark on a journey of self-discovery, shedding attachments, and realizing our interconnectedness with the divine. This journey, however, requires an open mind, a sincere heart, and a willingness to dive beyond the surface. So, embark on this exploration, chant the name of Ram, and discover the transformative power of these four divine manifestations.

Remember, the true essence of Lord Ram lies not in temples or scriptures but within our hearts. Let us seek the fourth Ram—the eternal truth that transcends all boundaries.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is the significance of Ram in Kabir’s teachings?

Kabir views Ram as not just a historical figure but as a universal symbol of divinity and righteousness.

  1. How does Kabir’s interpretation of Ram differ from conventional beliefs?

Kabir’s interpretation transcends conventional narratives, focusing on the metaphysical aspects of Ram as the essence of existence.

  1. What are the four Rams mentioned by Kabir?

Kabir speaks of four aspects of Ram: the historical figure, the omnipresent divine principle, the universally revered symbol, and the supreme essence of creation.

  1. How does Kabir recommend overcoming Maya?

Kabir advises constant remembrance of Ram as the means to overcome Maya and attain spiritual liberation.

  1. What is the significance of equating Ram and Rahim in Kabir’s teachings?

By equating Ram and Rahim, Kabir emphasizes the underlying unity of God, transcending religious differences and promoting universal brotherhood.

*Disclaimer: The information provided here is based only on assumptions and information. It is important to mention here that spiritualkhazaana.com does not endorse or confirm any information. Before implementing any information or belief, consult the concerned expert.

3 thoughts on “Kabir’s Dohe (Kabir’s Couplets) on Ram: Unveiling the Four Rams”

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